New records of naturalized Rubus in southern Africa. http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007. While the raspberries (Rubus ellipticus Smith, Rubus niveus Thunb.) R. ellipticus is thought to be widely grown as an ornamental in warm regions (Gardner, 1999). In such sites where it has become established, little or no other vegetation has been observed growing under or near R. ellipticus (Stratton, 1996), but whether this is due to the increased shading or whether R. ellipticus has allelopathic qualities has not been conclusively determined. According to this classification, R. ellipticus falls under subsection Stimulantes of section Idaeobatus. Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN). Rosaceae Week: Rubus ellipticus from Kud J & K and from Mussoorie Chakrata Road: Rubus ellipticus Smith A strong clambering evergreen shrub strongly prickly mixed with brownish bristles; leaflets 3, ovate to elliptic, obtose to short-acute, gray-tomentose beneath, slightly wrinkled above; flowers white in panicles, fruit yellow. > 0°C, dry winters), NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. These include the red bristles on the stems (no bristles in R. cuneifolius), yellow mature fruit, and much greater plant height (up to 7 m, compared with 2 m in R. cuneifolius). Alien Plant Invasions in Native Ecosystems of Hawai'i: Management and Research. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); fruiting habit. India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. Flowers 1–1.5 cm in diameter. with help from Technical Report 85, Gupta JK, Thakur RK, 1987. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, USDA-ARS, 2015. (2013) investigated insect herbivores on R. ellipticus in Yunnan, reporting 62 species in 22 families, a number of which were identified as being of potential interest for biological control (see Prevention and Control section for further details). R. ellipticus has received attention in India as a potential source of anti-fertility pharmaceuticals (Sharma et al., 1981, 1983; Bhakuni et al., 1987) and it is used in traditional Chinese medicines for counteracting toxin, eliminating inflammation and swelling, relieving pain and arresting haemorrhage. However, the extent to which this occurs in the native range has not been documented.Accidental Introduction Several introduced frugivorous birds and feral mammals, are capable of dissemination of seeds via ingestion of the succulent fruit and birds in particular, are able to carry seeds to adjacent sites. The Indian Veterinary Medical Journal, 7:120-121, Starr F, Starr K, Loope L, 2003. Chemical methods for the control of Rubus spp. Ken Fern, Online Database. R. ellipticus is able to tolerate a variety of habitats. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Significant web interface by ellipticus yellow Himalayan raspberry Rubus ellipticus var. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Close-up of the flower, also showing the prickly stem, The plant often escaped from cultivation - it is seen here growing on the edge of woodland in Hawaii, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. USDA-ARS, 2007. It can also spread by suckers and resprouts vigorously after fire. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press/Bishop Museum Press, 1919 pp, Wu Kai, Center TD, Yang ChunHua, Zhang Jun, Zhang JiaLiang, Ding JianQing, 2013. Included subspecies (for The Plant List , 26 June 2017 ): In the warmer habitats where it has been observed, the species is evergreen with developmental phases minimally corresponding to seasons of the year. R. ellipticus encroaches upon rice fields in China and elsewhere in Asia if farmers do not manually control this bramble. Three species, strawberry guava, fountain grass, and banana poka, were widely distributed throughout the study area, while the remaining three species were … 31:2-3. http://www.arc.agric.za/arc-ppri/Newsletter%20Library/SAPIA%20NEWS%20No%2031,%20Jan%202014.pdf, Lowe S, Browne M, Boudjelas S, Poorter M De, 2000. Himalayan raspberry is a stout evergreen shrub with prickly stems about 12 feet long. Rubus flavus Buch.-Ham. Gouri-phal (Kashmir), Tolu, Aselu (Nepal). Most reports of insects and diseases of R. ellipticus have concentrated on literature from India, such as raspberry ring spot (Dhingra and Niazi, 1972), Rubus yellow net and Rubus mosaic virus diseases (Pandey and Tripathi, 1973) and the incidence of each of the two latter diseases was reported to reach 50% in some regions. VAScular Tropicos database. Conservation of plants on Mulanje Mountain, Malawi. The fungi Cercoseptoria heteromalla (Kamal et al., 1986) and Helotium lividofuscum (Thind and Saini, 1967) were reported from India, and Khadka and Shah (1967) provided a list of plant diseases in Nepal including three diseases on Rubus spp. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. Preliminary investigations on the control of weeds in the apple orchard. Rubus. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127(5):767-775, Misra LP, Sharma VK, 1970. Ansari AA, Nand G, 1987. (2013) investigated natural enemies of R. ellipticus collected in China in 2006-2010. 100 of the world's worst invasive alien species: a selection from the global invasive species database. The fruits of R. ellipticus are rich in malic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid and carbohydrates which are edible and possess great value for exploitation and utilization such as processing into jam, vinegar, and wine, etc. Meng and Finn (2002) reported that R. ellipticus has the highest variation in DNA content amongst the many Rubus species tested.Physiology and Phenology Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Gerrish G, Stemmermann L, Gardner DE, 1992. It is in leaf all year. The database and code is licensed under a Rubus ellipticus Sm. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. A decoction of the root, combined with Girardinia diversifolia root and the bark of Lagerstroemia parviflora, is used in the treatment of fevers. English Gach Strawberry. Bothalia, 15(3):591-596. Rubus niveus f a Hill or Mysore Raspberry Rosaceae., USA: United States Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division. Mannavan Shola, Anamudi Shola National Park, Kerala, south India. Habitat/ecology: "Forests and forest edges, wet places. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. http://www.tropicos.org/, PIER, 2015. Leaves imparipinnate, 3-foliolate; petiole 2–6 cm, petiolule of terminal leaflet 2–3 cm, lateral leaflets subsessile, petiolule and rachis purplish red bristly, pubescent, with minute prickles; stipules linear, 7–11 mm, pubescent, with intermixed glandular hairs; blade of leaflets elliptic or obovate, 4–8(–12) × 3–6(–9) cm, terminal leaflet much larger than lateral leaflets, abaxially densely tomentose, with purplish red bristles along prominent veins, adaxially veins impressed, pubescent along midvein, base rounded, margin unevenly minute sharply serrate, apex acute, abruptly pointed, shallowly cordate, or subtruncate. Hwy11, Mountain view, Hawaii, Hawaii, USA. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Transmission studies of raspberry ring-spot virus. They are distributed in 27 Provinces, but around 70% of these species occur in southwestern China. R. ellipticus grows in slopes, montane valleys, sparse forests, thickets, roadsides, and forest edges in wet place (Wagner et al., 1999; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015). 53 (4), 541-545. It encroaches into cultivated areas, where it would probably become more densely established were it not for the diligence of local farmers who remove it as a weed. caused by fungi of the genera Alternaria, Cladosporium, and Uredo, although R. ellipticus was not mentioned specifically as a host. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Biological Contol Wu et al. The succulent, edible fruit of R. ellipticus suggests that the probability of intentional introduction appears much greater than any risk of long-range accidental introduction. exhibited more significant contents of dietary fiber (5.90g/100g), carbohydrates (86.4 g/100 g) and Fe (4.249mg/100g). obcordatus is limited in distribution compared with the several other introduced species of Rubus throughout the islands, the threat of its rapid expansion and environmental invasion is considered greater than for other species (Gerrish et al., 1992). Antifertility activity of Rubus ellipticus in ` Ola ` a forest Tract Hawai i!, which, when carried by fruit-eating birds, are its primary of... Treatments in Hawai ‘ i and has naturalized in many other countries Rubus procerus Muller, Rubus Muller., making stands of this species the University of Hawaii raspberry ( R. phoenicolasius ) and. ( 1/2 ):143-146, Kamal, Narayan P, Verma RP, 1986, Kamal, P... 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